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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Antigua & Barbuda


Antiguan and Barbudan Geography - Coastline

Antigua & Barbuda are two islands in the Caribbean Sea's eastern island chain, known as the Lesser Antilles, and more specifically the Leeward Islands. The country has no land borders, but is very close to St. Kitts & Nevis and Montserrat (a territory of the United Kingdom). To Antigua & Barbuda's east is the Atlantic Ocean.

Antigua & Barbuda consists of three islands. Antigua has some rises in elevation as it's a volcanic island, but none to any true significance. Barbuda is flatter and more vegetated and the final island, Redonda is uninhabited and small. There are no rivers in Antigua & Barbuda.


Antigua & Barbuda have a relatively consistent weather pattern throughout the year. Temperatures rarely get over 85° F (29° C) and rarely fall below 72° F (22° C). The air is fairly dry year round and the islands receive very little rain. Generally there is a decent breeze over the flat islands, which make temperatures feel a bit cooler. The islands are susceptible to hurricanes (from June to November), although generally when the hurricanes hit they are still in their infancy.


Antiguan & Barbudan Wildlife - Manta ray
Manta ray

Antigua & Barbuda has an odd wildlife system as the nation is volcanic in origin and hence has no real mammals other than the bat. This simplicity is countered with the country's incredible sea life. As an island nation there are thousands of fish surrounding the country from sharks and rays to eels, shellfish, and other fish.

Like the sea life, there are plenty of birds that live on the islands or migrate through. These birds are almost entirely limited to water fowls like ducks, but there are other non-water fowl species that call the islands home. The reptilian and amphibian life is also limited in scope, but there are turtles, snakes, and lizards of all kinds.

This page was last updated: April, 2013