Winters in Australia (June to August) experience colder
temperatures nearly everywhere. The temperatures in the north don't get too
much lower during the days (although at nights they can dip to 66° F (19° C)), but
the humidity seems to take a break and the rains ease back from about April to September.
Sydney, Perth, and many other cities in the south are usually in the mid-40s° F
(6-8° C) at night, but temperatures still get into the low-60s° F (16-18° C) most
days. Not unlike the summers, the interior has very cold nights (30-40s° F (2-9°
C)) and day time temperatures also drop, although it tends to stay in the 60s or
70s° F (18-26° C) most days.
The in between seasons vary between the summer and winter extremes, but are less
predictable as rain and temperature swings can be significant and rapid. The exception
to this is again in the north where these moths tend to shift from rainy to dry
or vice versa.
Great Barrier Reef
Australia has one of the most unique ecological systems
in the world as the country is home to hundreds of bird, mammalian, fish, and reptilian
species, many of which are native to Australia and can be found nowhere else on
earth. For this reason many animals found elsewhere in the world are absent in Australia
and many animals in Australia can only be found here... and in foreign zoos.
The mammal life in Australia is filled with many unique
animals now known throughout the world as the country is home to kangaroos, koalas,
dingoes, wombats, wallabies, Tasmanian Devils, and platypuses among other unique
animals. More common mammals can also be found, such as bats and small rodents.
Other common animals also arrived with people, particularly settlers from New Guinea,
who brought with them pigs, dogs, mice, and rats among others.
The waters surrounding Australia are also home to mammals
in the form of dolphins, whales, and sea lions. More than the mammals in the waters
around Australia, the fish and other sea life is incredibly diverse. The amount
and variety of coral reefs off the country's northeast coast (the Great Barrier
Reef) is the world's largest and most diverse coral system in the world. The
reefs also attract thousands of animals from fungi and starfish to mackerel and
sharks. Among the many animals around the corals, as well as off the other coasts,
are surgeonfish, clownfish, sailfish, puffer fish, butterfly fish, grouper, barracuda,
tuna, mackerel, marlin, mahi-mahi, shrimp, krill, crab, oysters, seahorses, manta
rays, sharks, jellyfish, starfish, and sea urchins among many others. The country's
inland lakes and rivers are also home to many freshwater animals including perch,
spiny lobster (or crayfish), and bull sharks have been known to swim upstream as
The water and the land have attracted more than just fish, they have also attracted
numerous birds, including many that feed off the animals in the sea. The bird life
in Australia again includes both common species as well
as some more unique to Australia, including doves, owls, honeyeaters, emus, swans,
lyrebirds, cockatoos, parakeets, budgerigars, passerines, scrub fowls, heron, and
in the far south even some species of penguin. Early settlers also introduced the
chicken, perhaps settlers who arrived from New Guinea or another island to Australia's
Like the mammalian life, the reptilian and amphibious life is fairly distinct and
diverse. The most well-known and feared of these animals are snakes as dozens of
species exist, including most of the world's most poisonous. Lizards, toads,
frogs, and turtles are also common on land and in the waters around the country.
The insect and other small animal life is fairly diverse. These animals include
butterflies, bees, ants, flies, snails, spiders, and worms among others.
Like the animal life, the plant life is also quite diverse. Many plant species in
Australia have existed in the country for thousands of
years and the island is home to many of the oldest plant species in the world. Among
these plants are included acacia trees, eucalyptus trees, palm trees, mangrove trees,
fungi, ferns, mosses, daisies, hibiscus, frangipani, and thousands of additional
tree, flower, and plant species. In addition to these plants, many others have arrived
thousands of years ago from the nearby islands to Australia's north including
coconuts, taro, breadfruit, bananas, yams, arrowroot, lemons, and sugarcane among