• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    Slovakia
    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    Bulgaria
    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Portugal
    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Finland!

    Finland: Finnish Sauna. Go Now!

    Finland
    Unlike its neighbors, the Finns are unique ethnically & linguistically, but are wholly European in many other ways. Begin Your Journey!

Architecture of Austria

Austrian Architecture - Romanesque St. Peterkirche in Salzburg
Romanesque St. Peterkirche

Austria's earliest examples of architecture are from the Middle Ages, but today these buildings have been primarily destroyed or updated to represent more recent architectural movements. Much of the country's most well-known cities are in the Baroque style today.

Austrian Architecture - Schloss Schonbrunn
Schloss Schonbrunn

Of the few Medieval buildings in the Romanesque style that are still standing, some can be found in the city of Salzburg. Over time the city continued to develop and adopted the Flamboyant Gothic style, and later, the Baroque style. In Salzburg, and Austria as a whole this style became fairly ornate and decorational, beginning in the late 1600s, but dominating much of the 1700s.

Salzburg's historic center has numerous buildings in the Baroque or Rococo style, including the University Church (1696). Vienna is also an incredible Baroque city, including buildings such as Belvedere Palace, Karlskirche, and Schonbrunn Palace (most, if not all of each was built in the early 1700s).

Austrian Architecture - Belvedere Palace
Belvedere Palace

The 1800s brought the Gothic Revival style, but as the country didn't prosper to the degree it did in the 1700s, there are not many examples of this. The Votive Church (mid-late 1800s) in Vienna is perhaps the best example. The early 1900s again experienced few changes as Art Nouveau came with little ceremony, although the Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station in Vienna is a good example.

In all, Vienna, Salzburg, and Graz tend to be the best cities to experience the architectural progress through the history of Austria as each has numerous buildings from the Middle Ages to the present day. For an example of village architecture, the towns of Hallstatt and St. Gilgen (both just east of Salzburg) offer incredible architecture and scenery.

This page was last updated: March, 2013