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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Azerbaijan

Geography

Azerbaijani Geography - Suvar Lake
Suvar Lake

Azerbaijan is located on the narrow stretch of land that sits between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, much of which is consumed by the Caucus Mountain range. Azerbaijan is arguably in either Asia or Europe; according to many, Azerbaijan's northern border is the border between the two continents, placing Azerbaijan wholly in Asia. The country borders Georgia (northwest), Armenia (southwest), Iran (south), Russia (north), and the Caspian Sea (east). Azerbaijan also controls the region of Naxcivan, which sits between Iran (southwest) and Armenia (northeast).

Geographically, Azerbaijan is fairly diverse as the country has mountains, river valleys, lowlands, and even desert. The region of Naxcivan and Azerbaijan's west and north are mountainous. From the mountains a couple small rivers run southeast into the Caspian Sea, which sits below sea level. Much of the Caspian Sea's coast and Azerbaijan's south, however are arid and only receive rain in limited amounts and during limited seasons. Despite this arid landscape, this is where most of the population lives as the Caspian Sea provides both food and water.

Weather

Summers tend to be very hot in Azerbaijan, especially along the coast and in Baku, which can be humid between June and August (highs of about 85˚ F (30˚ C). From December to about March the weather can get cold and most of the country experiences a daily average of about 40˚ F (5˚ C), but numerous parts of the country reach below 32˚ F (0˚ C) at night.

Wildlife

Azerbaijani Geography - Mud volcanoes
Mud volcanoes

The Azerbaijani mountains are home to deer, boar, and bear among other mammals, while the plains along the Caspian Sea and inward are home to jackals, hyenas, and many small rodents. Most of the sea life associated with Azerbaijan is from the Caspian Sea, which has a fair amount of sturgeon.

Azerbaijan is a migratory destination for many birds as they tend to head to the Caspian Sea. These species include flamingos, pelicans, egrets, and more. In the drier lowlands the country is home to numerous reptiles.

This page was last updated: March, 2013