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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Bhutan

Geography

Bhutanese Geography - River in the mountains
River in the mountains

Bhutan is a small landlocked country in the Himalaya Mountains. To its north is Tibet, a region in China, and to its south is the country of India.

Bhutan is a very high country in that much of its northern half is covered with the Himalaya Mountains. From these peaks, the country declines in elevation moving south as the country is divided by numerous rivers and valleys. Most of the population lives in the lower elevated valleys.

Weather

Bhutanese Geography - Thimpu
Thimpu

Bhutan has one of the world's most extreme elevation changes and for a small country that is even more pronounced when you try to predict the weather. The Himalayas are cold year round and most peaks never lose their snow. The in between elevations, that are in the Himalaya valleys and at lower elevations, such as the capital of Thimphu get more varies seasons. In these areas there are three distinct seasons, the summer or hot season (March to about June) has temperatures of 65° F (18° C), the monsoon or rainy season (about June to September) experiences daily highs of about 75° F (24° C) as rain is common, and the winters (October to February) generally get below freezing at night, but can get as warm as 60° F (16° C) during the day. Further south and at the lower elevations the temperatures get hotter, but the seasons and rain coincides with that of the capital. In these lower elevations the temperatures rarely drop below about 60° F (15° C) in the winter and generally reach no hotter than about 85° F (30° C) in the summers, except in the hottest valleys, which can reach 100° F (40° C) on occasion.

Wildlife

Bhutanese Wildlife - Red panda
Red panda

Despite its small size, Bhutan's geographic variations make it home to a large number of animals, particularly mammals and birds. Among the mammals are tigers, rhinos, leopards, hares, bears, pandas, pigs, wolves, and marmots among many others. The sea life is very limited as there are a number of rivers, but many are too fast flowing to hold much life.

The birds that call Bhutan home are generally migratory birds, although remain for the course of the year. Among these birds, many alpine hunters call it home, such as eagles and falcons. There is a very limited number of amphibians in the country and only a few more reptiles. There are plenty of insects and other smaller animals though.

This page was last updated: April, 2013