• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    Slovakia
    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    Bulgaria
    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Portugal
    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Denmark!

    Denmark: Landscape. Go Now!

    Denmark
    From cities like Copenhagen to islands, beaches, and vast fields (pictured), Denmark offers incredible history, architecture, scenery, and more. Begin Your Journey!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

Architecture of Bulgaria

Bulgarian Architecture - Nessebar
Nessebar

Bulgaria's architectural influence begins in about 600 BC with the Thracian city of Nessebar on the Black Sea. This settlement was later ruled by the Greeks, by whom most of today's ruins were built, and the Byzantines who also left a great deal of architecture that is still standing today. Nessebar is perhaps the beast place in Bulgaria to see all the architectural styles that made a lasting impact on the country.

The Byzantium influence in Bulgaria led to much of the population prescribing to Orthodoxy and much of the country's early architecture was orthodox churches and monasteries. The most striking of these is the Boyana Church near Sofia. This church was built in the 900s then expanded in the 1200s and again in the 1800s. It is widely considered one of the best examples of medieval architecture in Eastern Europe.

For much of the next few hundred years there were no strong influences on the buildings in Bulgaria that remain today. Along the Black Sea many buildings were made of wood and no longer stand today. Meanwhile, in the mountains, wood was also popular, although there were also numerous stone buildings, particularly churches, although few are strikingly different from other Byzantium or Eastern Orthodox churches.

This page was last updated: March, 2013