Architecture of Dominican Republic
Altos de Chavon
The architecture of the Dominican Republic is
severely limited as no true buildings exist from the pre-Columbian times. Although
the first settlers built much, they shifted capitals later and much of their early
structures were either wood so have not lasted or are forts. During much of the
country's early history they fell under Spanish rule and their capital was soon
shifted to Santo Domingo, one of the first European cities
in the Americas. Due to this, all of the country's most impressive architecture
is found there.
Santo Domingo's heart is the Zona Colonial, which was the
Spanish colonial center and home to many of the country's oldest structures.
Here there are numerous Spanish colonial buildings from as early as the 1500s. The
Spanish had a tendency to build their colonies in the same styles popular in Spain
at the time.
Santo Domingo and the Zona Colonial is home to numerous structures that
were the first of their kind in the Americas. The Fortaleza Ozama is the
oldest fortress, the Alcazar de Colon is the first castle (and former resident
of Christopher Columbus's son, Don Diego Colon), the first convent in the Dominican
Convent, and Catedral Santa Maria La Menor, the first cathedral in the