The Spanish dominated most cultural aspects, including language and religion. Plus
the Spanish and indigenous people often intermarried, creating a new ethnicity and
culture, which was generally Spanish-dominated. However, the indigenous people maintained
their languages to varying degrees as well as other cultural aspects of life. This
was especially true in the more rural and mountainous parts of the country where
Spanish influence was less pronounced. Even today many of the Quechua speakers as
well as groups of people who live along the Amazon River continue to keep many cultural
traditions, languages, and lifestyles alive today.
The Spanish dominance is best seen today, and in the past, in the cities, where
Spanish culture, language, lifestyle, and architecture rule. Additionally, many
of the mestizos also tend to cling more closely to Spanish traditions than
indigenous cultures, making the Spanish culture of the past still present and dominate
in the country today.