Architecture of Ecuador
The earliest architecture in the region of Ecuador came
in many forms, but primarily as wood-based housing. None of these original structures
remain from the pre-Columbian times, but even today many of the indigenous people
live in simple wooden structures. A more famous and impressive architectural style
from Ecuador's early years comes in the form of the Incan ruins. These structures
were made of stone and the remains of many of these buildings survive today, including
those at Ingapirca, which are perhaps the most impressive in the country.
With the arrival of the Spanish the architecture changed dramatically as it mimicked
the architecture of Spain. Like many Spanish buildings, many
buildings in Ecuador were constructed in the Baroque style
at the time, which was popular in Europe. This is especially
true of churches, palaces, and government buildings.
The best places to see colonial Spanish architecture is in
Quito and Cuenca. In the city of Quito a number of churches retain their original
look and feel including the Baroque churches of La Compania de Jesus, Iglesia de
San Francisco, and Iglesia de Santo Domingo. Likewise, the most impressive Baroque
buildings in Cuenca are also churches including the centrally located La Inmaculada.