• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Finland!

    Finland: Finnish Sauna. Go Now!

    Unlike its neighbors, the Finns are unique ethnically & linguistically, but are wholly European in many other ways. Begin Your Journey!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Estonia


Estonian Geography - River in the hills
River in the hills

Estonia is a "Baltic State," which is located in northern Europe on the Baltic Sea. Estonia borders Latvia (south) and Russia (east); Finland is close as well, as that country lies across the Gulf of Finland to the north.

Geographically, Estonia is fairly low-lying, but uniform as it stands just above sea level on the Baltic Sea. Much of the country is too low to prevent flooding, hence deterring living, but the northern coast and the far southeast provide better drainage or higher elevations so less flooding. Climatic conditions have a greater role in living conditions than does geography.


Estonia has two primary seasons, plus short springs and falls (autumns). Winter and the surrounding months can be cold as Tallinn only averages about 25˚ F (-4˚ C) during this time.

Summers are short, but have long days as temperatures in Tallinn average about 62˚ F (16˚ C), but the long sunny days can get much warmer.


Living in Estonia's many forests are a number of mammals, including elk, deer, and pigs, along with many rarer animals and dozens of small woodland animals like rabbits, mink, and foxes. There are many sea animals as Estonia is bordered by water on two sides; cod, salmon, and herring are common.

There are numerous birds that migrate to or through Estonia, while few remain year round.

This page was last updated: March, 2013