The number of native plants and animals in Fiji are severely
limited since the country is an island nation. The native land life is almost non-existent
and the native plant life was also very limited. The migrating birds and sea life
had the most significant presence in historically. Much of what is found on the
islands today was introduced in pre-historic times by the migrating people, birds,
winds, and ocean currents.
As an island nation that rose from the sea floor there were no native mammals in
Fiji, although a few bat species arrived thousands of years ago. Other than this,
no land mammals existed on Fiji until possibly the arrival of the earliest people,
who likely came from the region of New Guinea and may have brought with them rats,
dogs, and pigs.
The other historic mammals connected with Fiji are in the sea
as dolphins and whales are present in the waters surrounding the islands. These
waters are also filled with thousands of fish, shellfish, and other forms of sea
life. In these waters you can find surgeonfish, clownfish, sailfish, puffer fish,
butterfly fish, grouper, barracuda, tuna, mackerel, marlin, mahi-mahi, shrimp, krill,
crab, seahorses, manta rays, sharks, jellyfish, starfish, sea urchins, and coral
among many others.
The water and the land have attracted more than just fish though, they have also
attracted numerous birds, including many that feed off the animals in the sea. The
bird life in Fiji includes doves, owls, passerines, scrub fowls,
heron, terns, pigeons, and cuckoos among others.
Like the mammalian life, the reptilian and amphibious life is fairly limited. The
most common of these animals are those adapted to the water and swimming as sea
turtles can be found in the nearby waters. Land species have again made their way
to the islands in numerous methods and today iguanas are among the most common of
The insect and other small animal life is fairly diverse as many insects can fly
or float and have made their way to Fiji. These animals include
butterflies, moths, bees, ants, flies, snails, spiders, and worms among others.
Like the animal life, which is limited due to the geography of Fiji,
the plant life is also very limited. It is doubtful any significant plants originated
in the country itself other than a very limited number of local plants. However
the winds and water currents have taken seeds to the islands and in other cases
birds have transported seeds to the islands. Because of this many of the most common
plants on the islands today are native to the distant islands of New Guinea and
those further west, which traveled island to island to the east. Plants from these
islands that now thrive in the country include coconuts, taro, breadfruit, bananas,
yams, arrowroot, lemons, and sugarcane among others.
There is also a presence of other trees and plants, including orchids, hibiscus,
eucalyptus, frangipani, ferns, mosses, mahogany trees, mangrove trees, and pandanus