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    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    Slovakia
    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

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    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

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    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Portugal
    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

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    Serbia
    Serbia is a historic power now looking internally to re-discovery their identity and future. Explore Serbia!

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    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

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    Finland: Finnish Sauna. Go Now!

    Finland
    Unlike its neighbors, the Finns are unique ethnically & linguistically, but are wholly European in many other ways. Begin Your Journey!

Architecture of Finland

Finnish Architecture - Senate Square in Helsinki
Senate Square in Helsinki

Most of Finland's architecture was made of wood so few of their historic buildings are still standing today. Due to this there are also few old stone buildings in the country, however one place that has both of these is the city of Rauma. The Holy Cross Church from the 1400s is one of the country's oldest still standing stone buildings, while much of the rest of the town is in wood, although much of it was rebuilt in the 1600s. A great example of original wooden architecture is the Petajavesi Old Church, which was built in the 1700s and is in the Gothic and Renaissance styles.

It wasn't until the 1800s when much of Finland, and in particular, modern day Helsinki was built. At the time neo-Classicism was well accepted in the capital and today much of the city remains in this style. The city's most well-known landmarks are all in this style, including the Lutheran Cathedral and the rest of Senate Square.

Since the 1900s Finland has flourished, particularly due to gaining independence. This has helped bring more architecture to Finland as the country has been active in many modern architectural movements. Some of these movements have been international, such as the country's construction of a few Art Nouveau buildings, but many of these movements are narrower and have reflected on their traditional roots as wooden structures, or wooden designs within a modern building have become a staple of Finnish architecture today.

This page was last updated: March, 2013