Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Finland
Finland is a fairly long country stretching north almost
to the Arctic Ocean and south to the Baltic Sea. Finland borders
Norway (northwest), Sweden (west), and
Russia (east); Finland is also a short distance from Estonia,
which sits across the Gulf of Finland to the south.
Geographically, Finland is almost entirely marshland or
rocky lowlands. Except for the far north and far south, the country is low-lying
and has a huge number of lakes, which tend to freeze over in winter and always have
the possibility to flood in spring and summer. The far north is at greater elevation,
but climatic conditions tend to prevent life there. The far south, along the Baltic
Sea and the Gulf of Finland is very rocky and has good drainage, making this the
most ideal place to live, although population numbers are still very small compared
to the rest of Europe.
Finland has two primary seasons, winter and summer. Winter
and the surrounding months can be cold; even Helsinki, which is warm on Finland's
standards, averages about 18˚ F (-7˚ C) in the winter.