Architecture of Hungary
The earliest standing architecture in Hungary is in the
Roman city of Sopianae (Pecs). Little remains today, but the Christian burial grounds
(or necropolis) along with the partial remains of the aqueduct are impressive. Additionally,
the Roman city of Aquincum (Budapest) has some standing architecture, although it
is less impressive than that in Pecs.
The Romanesque period brought more lasting architecture; the most impressive being
the Pannonhalma Archabbey (1000s), which was originally built in the style, but
many later additions represent various styles. The Gothic style also made a small
impact on the country, with Buda Castle (1200s in Budapest) being perhaps the finest
example. However, both the Romanesque and Gothic styles strongly influenced traditional
Hungarian architecture in later periods.
The Renaissance brought, like the earlier styles, very little that remains in Hungary today. Some of this architecture was destroyed,
while the Turkish invasions delayed or eliminated building
in any substantial proportions. The best examples of architecture from this time
period, and even into the prior Gothic period can be found on Castle Hill in Budapest.