India is such a large country, making generalizations is difficult,
however there are three distinct seasons in most of the country. The hot season
runs from about March to June and in places like Delhi the daily average high is
95-100° F (35-38° C). During this time, the only parts of the country that can comfortably
visited are the Himalayas and in some parts of the southern highlands. The next
season is the monsoon, or rainy season (roughly July-September), when much of the
country remains hot (Delhi again has an average high of 95° F (35° C) during this
time, but is also humid and rainy as that moisture turns to snow in the Himalayas.
The cold season (about October-February) is cool outside the Himalayas, but cold
and snowy in them. "Cold" is a relative term though and temperatures rarely
dip below 50° F (10° C) at night outside the Himalayas while days typically still
reach 70° F (21° C). The peaks of the Himalayas however will go the whole season
without getting above freezing 32° F (0° C).
Due to India's size and geographic variations the country
is home to thousands of animals. Among the large mammals are lions, tigers, bears,
leopards, panthers, wolves, rhinos, camels, antelopes, deer, bison, and elephants.
In addition there are hundreds of smaller mammal species like monkeys, foxes, and
rodents. The sea life is just as impressive as there are dozens of large rivers
flowing from the Himalayas, a number of small lakes, and a long coastline. Inland
there are hundreds of fresh water fish and shellfish, while along the coasts there
are all sorts of animals from mammals like whales and dolphins to fish like sharks,
plus coral, sponges, and shellfish.
India is home to more birds, both migrating birds as well
as birds that remain year-round, than just about any country in the world. These
bird species cover nearly every branch of the bird family from eagles and hawks
to egrets and ducks. There are also numerous reptiles, particularly in the western
deserts; here one can find snakes, lizards, and geckos. Along the shores there are
additional reptiles like the crocodile and turtle, but also many amphibians, like
frogs and toads. The additional animals in the country, such as insects and spiders
are also numerous.