In the 1200s until the 1400s little more was built outside the city of Turkistan,
which is home to a number of Uzbek-influenced buildings,
although some of these are reconstructions today as many of the originals were torn
From this time until the arrival of the Russians in the 1800s
and the Soviets in the 1900s little changed or was constructed in a permanent manner.
The Soviets though began to force the people to settle as cities were built and
expanded. To house the people the Soviets built large communist-styled bloc apartment
buildings and factories in huge numbers, while religious buildings were not built
due to the Soviets being atheist. Almaty is primarily in the Soviet style.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, oddly, the new capital of Astana has
become a center for post-modern architecture. The most interesting of these new
constructions is the Khan Shatyr which is essentially a giant indoor city.
But the building doesn't end there as there are dozens of striking post-modern
buildings, which can be spotted from just about anywhere in the city as most are