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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Kosovo


Kosovo Geography - Mountains

Kosovo is a landlocked country in the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula. Kosovo is bordered by Montenegro (west), Albania (southwest), Macedonia (south), and Serbia (east and north).

Geographically, Kosovo is very mountainous. There is little geographic diversity as the entire country seems to be in the mountains, with only a couple river valleys creating lower elevations. Fortunately, few of these mountains are impassable, although they do create transportation delays.


Kosovo Geography - Prizren

Kosovo's weather is affected by the Mediterranean currents from the south and the continental currents from the Balkan Peninsula's mountains. These variations make the weather somewhat unpredictable, but the mountainous landscape prevents most extremes.

Winters in Kosovo's capital of Pristina average right around the freezing point, with daily highs of about 39˚ F (4˚ C) and lows of about 27˚ F (-3˚ C), although the mountains can be cooler and receive a significant amount of snow. Summers can get much hotter and during this time Pristina reaches daily highs of about 80˚ F (27˚ C). The country is small though so there are rarely significant temperature extremes other than when one moves from a valley to a higher elevation or vice versa.


There are a number of large mammals that live in Kosovo, including the bear, deer, and the boar along with many smaller mammals. As a landlocked country, there are few sea life species, although there are some in lakes and rivers.

Numerous birds stop in the country on their migratory routes, as the seasons also bring a number of reptiles and insects during the hotter summer months.

This page was last updated: March, 2013