Architecture of Kyrgyzstan
For most of Kyrgyzstan's early history, architecture
was limited to domestic dwellings (homes) and for most people this consisted of
a round portable house called a yurt (or boz-ui) that catered
to the nomadic lifestyle. Yurts still exist today in Kyrgyzstan, although the people
are moving in the direction of more permanent settlements, an occurrence most magnified
under Soviet rule.
Due to the nomadic lifestyle of the Kyrgyz people there
are no early architectural pieces that exist today and very few were ever built
to begin with. This didn't truly change until the arrival of the
Russians in the 1800s and the Soviets in the 1900s.
The Soviets forced the Kyrgyzs to settle in order to
help the country's production in factories and on farms. During their rule most
buildings were large apartment complexes and factories as religious buildings were
outlawed by the atheist Soviets. Sadly Soviet architecture had a strong focus on
efficiency and use over aesthetics, not giving the country any truly impressive