• Vatican City!

    Vatican City: Vatican Museums. Go Now!

    Vatican City
    The smallest country in the world offers the heart of Catholicism and among the world's finest art collections, including the Sistine Chapel and the Raphael Rooms (ceiling pictured). Go to Vatican City!

  • Macedonia!

    Macedonia: Traditional architecture. Go Now!

    Macedonia is a country still finding its unique identity, but its architecture is already one of a kind. Explore Macedonia!

  • Netherlands!

    Netherlands: Wooden shoes. Go Now!

    This low country might be small, but it maintains a unique place in history and culture. Explore the Netherlands!

  • Austria!

    Austria: Belvedere Palace. Go Now!

    Belvedere Palace (pictured) is just one of many palaces found in Vienna. The capital is a good start to Austria, which also features the Alps, the Lakes District, and incredible history & food. Go Now!

  • Ukraine!

    Ukraine: Traditional Village. Go Now!

    Ukrainian culture is based on village life, particularly that found in the Carpathian Mountains (pictured). Begin Your Journey!

  • Latvia!

    Latvia: Art Nouveau in Riga. Go Now!

    Latvia is small, but has a diverse history, foods, and architecture (shown), which includes aspects from both Eastern and Western Europe. Begin Your Journey!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Latvia


Latvian Geography - Bauska Castle
Bauska Castle

Latvia is a "Baltic State," which is located in northern Europe on the Baltic Sea. Latvia borders Lithuania (south), Belarus (southeast), Russia (east), and Estonia (north).

Geographically, Latvia is fairly uniform as it stands just above sea level on the Baltic Sea. Some parts of the country are low-lying as there are swampy areas and other parts are slightly elevated, but most of the region is covered with rivers and has access to the Baltic Sea, making the region fairly accessible. Climatic conditions have a greater role in living conditions than does geography.


Latvian Geography - Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea

Latvia's seasons are fairly distinct, although springs and falls (autumns) can be short and Riga's location on the Baltic Sea tends to minimize temperature extremes. Winters (December-February) can be cold with very short days, but inland can be much colder. On the coast and in Riga, winter temperatures average just below freezing at 28-30˚ F (-2˚ C), but many days get above freezing.

The spring and fall (autumn) can be much warmer, based on the Baltic Sea temperature and weather patterns. While summers have long days with average highs in Riga generally reaching about 72˚ F (22˚ C) during these months, but the Baltic Sea breezes can make some days very cold.


Latvian Wildlife - Wild boar
Wild boar

Latvia is home to many small woodland mammals like foxes, rabbits, and squirrels, while having a much smaller population of large mammals like deer and elk. They also have few sea life species inland, although the Baltic Sea is home to many fish, including herring among others.

There are a number of bird species in Latvia including those that migrate through the country including woodpeckers and finches, the water lovers like storks, and the game birds such as quail and grouse.

This page was last updated: March, 2013