History of Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein's history is relatively short considering
for much of time it was just a mountain valley occupied by various foreign powers.
The modern-day region was united in 1712 by the Liechtenstein family, who rules
it to this day, but they didn't gain independence immediately. It was named
a principality under the Holy Roman Empire beginning in 1719. From this point on,
Liechtenstein maintained close relations to the Hapsburgs and the
After Napoleon's conquest, Liechtenstein joined
the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806 and a couple years later it joined the German Confederation. Liechtenstein gained full independence
from this confederation in 1866.
After World War I, when Austria was devastated,
Liechtenstein moved more west, adopting Switzerland's
currency and creating a single customs zone. World War II also brought havoc as
the Prince's wife was Jewish and many of the country's people had a strong
Nazi sympathy, encouraging the Prince to abdicate and pass power to another relative.
However, this was the greatest damage done to the country as they remained neutral
during the war.