This relationship with the French worked quite well for Monaco for a number of years, but with the fall of the French
monarchy in the late 1700s, Monaco was taken over and occupied by the new French
government, led by Napoleon. When Napoleon finally fell in the early 1800s Monaco
was made a protectorate of Sardinia, but in the mid-1800s it again gained its independence
with the help and support of France. Shortly after re-gaining independence, Monaco
lifted all sales taxes and became a haven for the wealthy as early as the 1870s.
In the early 1900s the Grimaldi family gave into pressure and adopted a constitution,
although it took some time to implement. After World War I they needed additional
changes to their government and gave France authority to
represent them diplomatically and militarily. During World War II (WWII),
Italy occupied Monaco and as Italy began to crumble,
Nazi Germany took over the occupation.
Since WWII the most notable event to be released from Monaco
was the Prince's (Prince Rainier's) marriage to the
American film star Grace Kelly in the 1950s. Much more important than this
though, Monaco has since introduced many women's rights and has joined the United