Culture & Identity of Mongolia
Mongolia is a huge country with a huge amount of open space. Historically the people
were nomads who lived off the land as they often lived as herders, moving from location
to location with the seasons and weather. Today the people are transitioning as
many people still live in this traditional way, but urban growth is occurring and
even many of the people that live in gers are settling in the outskirts
of the cities as this is where most economic opportunities are.
Today nearly 70% of the people live in an urban setting, and most of those people
who don't are working in some form of agriculture. Nearly a third of the working
population is employed in agriculture, which is still based on herding and mobility,
but settled farmers are common in many areas as well.
For these people working in agriculture their way of life is heavily dependent on
the weather, the seasons, and the lands. They move to make the most of the lands,
but today most lands are privately owned so space is more limited, giving them one
more outside source that dictates their way of life.