Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Montenegro
Montenegro is positioned on the Adriatic Sea in the Balkan
Peninsula. It borders Bosnia & Herzegovina
(northwest), Croatia (west), Albania
(south), and Serbia (northeast).
Geographically, Montenegro is exactly as its name implies:
"black mountains." Most of these mountains rise up in steep cliffs making
transportation and settlement quite difficult or at least isolated. In the country's
south and along the Adriatic Sea coast the land is flatter, but in many instances
(particularly along the coast) the mountains rise up too quickly to allow expansion
of any city. Only in Podgorica and the adjacent lowlands do any substantial communities
For a small country, Montenegro's seasons are very
distinct due to geographical variations and they receive a large amount of precipitation
year-round, especially in the winter. Winters (December-February) can be cold as
much of the country receives snow; Zabljak and other mountain villages can get over
10 feet of snow (3 meters) over the season. Meanwhile, the coast averages about
45˚ F (8˚ C) during this time and gets a lot of rain.
The spring and fall (autumn) tend to be warmer than the winter, but the mountains
can still be impassable due to snow. During this time water temperatures also change;
from May until about November water temperatures in the Adriatic average between
65-73˚ F (18-23˚ C), which warms up the air temperature as well.