Following in the trend of commercial growth, in the 1600s the cities of Kongsberg
and Roros both arose as mining towns. Again houses
and churches were present and remain among the most impressive structures in these
towns, but the buildings again shifted in style as many of the most noticeable structures
were built and used for mining operations and shipping, creating very specialized
Most architectural movements of mainland Europe never made
their way to Norway or if they did, they did so with very limited influence. This
began to change in 1814 when Norway gained greater freedoms
as they separated from Denmark and shifted their capital
under their new Swedish rulers. With a new capital city, new construction began
and many buildings in historic Oslo were built in the
popular styles of that time, most notably neo-Classical. This also began a time
when new constructions were built, including a university, government buildings,
and numerous commercial structures.
Oslo Opera House
In the 1900s Norway continued to adopt trends from
Europe and today the city of Alesund has a huge number of Art Nouveau buildings,
which were built after much of the city was burned down in 1904. Other large cities,
such as Oslo also built in this style to a degree.
In the latter half of the 1900s and into the 2000s sky scrapers, modern architecture,
and post-modern structures have been built throughout Norway.
Oslo is home to much of the country's more recent
architectural movements and this is perhaps best represented with the capital's
post-modern Opera House (2007). However, for a cross section of all of Norway's
architectural history, Bergen is probably the best
example, while only a village can truly provide traditional wooden architecture
as most of the country knows it, including the famed stave churches.