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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Oman

Geography

Omani Geography - Village in Oman
Village in Oman

Oman is on the southeastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. This fairly large deserted country shares a long and undefined border with Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the southwest, and the United Arab Emirates to the northwest. To Oman's north is the Gulf of Oman and to the southeast is the Indian Ocean.

Omani Geography - Mutrah Harbor
Mutrah Harbor

Much of Oman is mountainous and dry, however this creates a number of coves dug into the rocky mountainsides for towns, villages, and cities. Much of the population lives on the northern coast, where the land is more fertile. Just south of the coast the mountains rise up to the Hajar Mountains. Throughout most of the northern part of the country there are limited sources of water, but enough to sustain life. In Oman's far south, near Dhofar, the land is flatter and still arid, but the moisture from the sea and occasional rain allows the growth of some plants. Further west of here, on the border with Saudi Arabia is the famed "Empty Quarter" or known to locals as the Rub al Khali.

Weather

Oman is hot year round (80-110˚ F (25-45˚ C)), but the cooler winter months of November to early March are slightly more tolerable. The south, around Dhofar also gets a fair amount of rain from June to late August.

Wildlife

Omani Wildlife - Arabian camel
Arabian camel

Oman is quite mountainous, dry, and deserted so the wildlife is limited in scope. Among the mammals in the country are oryx, gazelles, wolves, mongooses, goats, and more, primarily smaller mammals like rodents. The sea life inland is very limited as there are few lakes or rivers in Oman, however just off the long coasts are thousands of species. These waters include nearly every type of fish from large sharks to corals, shellfish, and two most commonly fished animals, the sardine and tuna.

The bird life is very impressive during the right seasons as many birds migrate from East Africa to Asia and Europe through the country. These birds include ostriches, grebes, pelicans, cormorants, flamingos, hawks, eagles, and more. There are few amphibians due to the dry climate, but reptiles live well here and include lizards, snakes, and sea turtles. There are also a number of insects and other animals, like scorpions present.

This page was last updated: November, 2013