Among the many outside influences that were introduced to Pakistan, one of the most
profound and influential was the people's conversion to Islam. While many people
converted to this religion, many others remained believers in Hinduism or another
religion. Islam changed the diet of the people, social interactions, and lifestyle,
but it also created a division among the Muslims and the Hindus, as well as other
non-Muslims. Over time this division became more important than the shared history
and many other similarities the people had with other as Islam became one of the
most important identifying features of Pakistani culture.
Although few people in Pakistan are devout Muslims today, the religion has played
a significant role in their culture and political sphere as the country gained independence
from India primarily on the grounds of religious differences, although political
direction and social differences also greatly contributed.
In more recent times Pakistan has been thrown further into flux. Most of the population
continues to work on farms, but the British introduced new technologies from the
Industrial Revolution and the cities of Pakistan have used this technology to create
a new urban lifestyle and jobs that were never available in the past. This is creating
another divide among the people, this time by generation as the youth is growing
up with high tech communication and fairly liberal attitudes, while many people
in the older generations tend to be more conservative and remain in the villages
and on their farms. Pakistan is a country that seems to be always moving and changing;
where the country goes in the future is seemingly always a mystery.