Europeans arrived to the lands numerous times through history, but there were few
efforts to truly colonize the region, other than perhaps establishing some plantations
along the coasts. It wasn't until the 1900s when the Europeans made any truly
great effort to control the lands and alter the culture.
In the 1900s most efforts to change the people and their traditional culture came
in the form of religion as many missionaries arrived and spread Christianity. This
effort was very successful as most of the people today are Christian. However, few
outside influences arrived since the lands didn't prove profitable to most European
settlers and those who did find profit generally found it along the coasts, hence
only changing the culture in limited geographic areas.
Today communication and technology have united the people in many ways as many people
are abandoning their native languages for a more commonly spoken language, such
as Tok Pisin. The people are also urbanizing as cities have more jobs and better
paying jobs than much of the island can offer. In these cities the culture is one
that contains aspects of the many people of the islands as well as Europe. In land
the cultures, languages, and lifestyles remained authentic in many ways as historic
traditions, cultures, and languages survive, or even thrive.