The sea life isn't nearly as varied since the only sea animals live in the lakes
and rivers of the country. This limits the sea life to catfish, pike, and other
Due to the diverse landscape the bird life is much more impressive. There are a
few tropical birds that make their way to the country, but most species are woodland
birds. Eagles, hummingbirds, owls, condors, egrets, partridges, parakeets, geese,
finches, wrens, toucans, macaws, parrots, and even the Andean flamingo call the
country home or pass through with the seasons.
The reptilian, amphibian, and insect life in Paraguay are
also diverse, but the variety of species is still fairly limited. Many of these
animals are spiders, including the tarantula and black widow, and snakes, including
the rattlesnake. In or near some of the rivers the amphibian population spikes a
bit as a number of frogs and lizards are present. The number of insects is quite
substantial, including flies, mosquitos, butterflies, ants, and more.
When it comes to native plant life, South America
is home to many famous edible plants and these plants quickly spread throughout
Paraguay, South America, and beyond. The pineapple is from
the region where Brazil and Uruguay
meet while potatoes and tobacco originated in the Andes Mountains. A few others,
including cacao trees (used to make chocolate), peanuts, and tomatoes are also from
South America, although their actual origin is unknown. Peppers, both sweet and
hot peppers are from Central America or northern South America while vanilla, avocado,
papaya, and corn (maize) are likely from Central America itself. No matter each
food's origin, what is known is that these foods spread throughout the continent
and to the country of Paraguay with the help of pre-historic people, animals, and
winds. These people have had these foods for nearly as long as people have inhabited
the region and each makes an important part of the people's diet and culture
now and for thousands of years into the past.
More than just the edible plants, Paraguay is home to many
additional trees and other plants. Pine trees, eucalyptus trees, cedar trees, and
cypress trees are all common.