Once at home and on the weekends the people tend to shift in very different directions.
Entertainment options are very limited outside the cities and even for those living
in the cities entertainment can be expensive. Most people spend their free time
with family, but for more rural families the summers may be occupied with farming
or fishing to make a living.
No matter the person and the culture that a person lives by, nearly everyone in
Peru is descended from the Incans (Quechua and Aymara) and/or
the Spanish, both of whom have an incredible history. Both these people passed down
a tradition of settlement, farming, and economic prosperity that has led to a shift
in focus to leisurely activities including great feasts, arts, architecture, handicrafts,
and clothing. Both cultures also placed great importance on family and free time
as the present always seems to be more important than a future meeting or event,
something the Peruvians carry on today.
There is no truly unifying identity in Peru, although being
Peruvian (in political terms) may be the closest link to unite all the people within
the country. However, for many people, primarily those who are of European descent,
the term Peruvian also comes with a cultural definition, therefore excluding many
of the indigenous people of Peru. For these indigenous people some identify as Peruvian,
while others cling to an identity based on ethnicity, language, and culture, such
as many of the Quechua and Aymara.
Among the ethnic European population, most will claim to be "Peruvian,"
which many ethnic Europeans define in both political as well as cultural terms.
For many of these people, to be "Peruvian" is to be a native Spanish speaking
Catholic who lives a lifestyle very much similar to that of the Europeans
in the sense of modern amenities and culture. To others "Peruvian" is
more of a politically-defined terms and any citizen of Peru
is included, but few people define the term in this way.