The in between seasons experience much of the same temperatures and weather, although
the fluctuations vary year to year and even month to month. The one consistent is
in the rain forests as the weather tends to remain hot, humid, and rainy. On average,
Iquitos and much of the country's northeast gets its heaviest rains in October,
which doesn't coincide with the rainy season in the rest of the country.
Peru has a very diverse variety of wildlife since the country
has landscapes that include oceanic coastline, desert, the high Andes Mountains
as well as the beginnings of the Amazon River, which is a rain forest in the country's
east. These differences in geography and weather attract a large number of animals
and allow many different plants to grow.
Many of the more common mammals are woodland animals, such as squirrels, mice, rats,
bats, opossums, deer, rabbits, tapirs, sloths, and others. However, the mountains
and rain forests attract these animals as well as others, including llamas, alpacas,
vicunas (a camel species), cougars (puma), beers, armadillos, porcupines, monkeys,
jaguars, and wolves. There are also some rodents unique to
South America in Peru, such as the chinchilla.
Poison dart frog
Peru also has a huge variety of sea life in the Pacific Ocean
and in the rivers that lead to the Amazon. The Pacific is home to mammals, like
whales and dolphins as well as fish and shellfish. Among the animals roaming these
waters are sharks, tuna, mahi-mahi, snapper, mackerel, grouper, puffer fish, anchovies,
shrimp, crabs, seahorses, starfish, eels, rays, jellyfish, and sea urchins. In the
fresh waters, including the rivers flowing into the Amazon River are additional
species of fishes. The sea life here includes trout, pike, catfish, and others,
but these animals aren't as diverse as much of the Amazon River further east.
The bird life is almost as diverse as the sea life since woodland, mountain, sea,
and rain forest birds are all common. Among these are egrets, eagles, condors, partridges,
coots, geese, sandpipers, ibis, herons, finches, hummingbirds, toucans, macaws,
wrens, owls, sparrows, cardinals, jays, orioles, frigate birds, pigeons, parrots,
parakeets, flamingos, and woodpeckers.
The reptilian, amphibian, and insect life in Peru are also
diverse, but the variety of species is still fairly limited. Many of these animals
are spiders, including the tarantula and black widow, and snakes, including the
rattlesnake, boa, and anaconda. In or near some of the rivers, especially those
in the rainforests the amphibian population spikes as a number of frogs, iguanas,
and lizards are present. The number of insects is quite substantial, including flies,
mosquitos, butterflies, ants, and more.
When it comes to native plant life, South America
is home to many famous edible plants and these plants quickly spread throughout
Peru, South America, and beyond. The pineapple is from the
region where Brazil and Uruguay meet
while potatoes are believed to be from the region around Lake Titicaca; tobacco
also originated in the Andes Mountains. A few other foods, including cacao trees
(used to make chocolate), peanuts, and tomatoes are also from South America, although
their actual origin is unknown. Peppers, both sweet and hot peppers are from Central
America or northern South America while vanilla, avocado, papaya, and corn (maize)
are likely from Central America itself. No matter each food's origin, what is
known is that these foods spread throughout the continent and to the country of
Peru with the help of pre-historic people, animals, and winds. These people have
had these foods for nearly as long as people have inhabited the region and each
makes an important part of the people's diet and culture now and for thousands
of years into the past.
Numerous other plants are also present in Peru. Orchids, lilies,
cacti, rosewood trees, mahogany trees, mangrove trees, rubber trees, walnut trees,
cedar trees, oak trees, and thousands of other trees, flowers, ferns, and plants
can be found in Peru.