• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Denmark!

    Denmark: Landscape. Go Now!

    From cities like Copenhagen to islands, beaches, and vast fields (pictured), Denmark offers incredible history, architecture, scenery, and more. Begin Your Journey!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Portugal


Portugal is incredibly homogenous as the ethnic Portuguese are the overwhelming majority in the country. The Portuguese are a combination of prehistoric Lusitanians, Iberians, Celts, and other local people in addition to the Romans. The Portuguese are most closely related to the Spanish today, but more distantly related to the Italians, French, and others.


Portuguese is the only official national language, although Mirandese is regionally recognized as an official language. Both languages are based on Latin and fall into the Romance languages family; Portuguese's closest relative is Spanish with other Romance languages being more distantly related, including Italian, French, and Romanian.

English and Spanish are commonly taught second languages in Portugal, although they are not extraordinarily popular. Despite this, it is fairly easy to find someone with at least a conversational level of English and Spanish.


Nearly the entire population of Portugal is Catholic. There are other religions, generally Christian religions, that each claim a very small minority in the country.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014