History of San Marino
The country of San Marino is said to have been founded
in 301 AD when St. Marinus left his home off the Dalmatian coast (present-day Croatia)
to escape religious persecution. The Christian St. Marinus eventually settled near
Mt. Titano, which is today the location of San Marino.
Over the next few millennia, the Christian community at the base of Mt. Titano grew
and in 1631 was recognized as an independent country by the Pope. When Napoleon
invaded the Italian Peninsula in the late 1700s a regent from
San Marino befriended Napoleon and hence guaranteed his country's freedom.
In the 1800s, as Italy was being slowly unified,
San Marino served as a safe haven for those who supported unification. Due
to this support, once the peninsula was unified, San Marino was granted its request
to remain independent.