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Ethnicity, Language, & Religion of Slovakia

Ethnicity

The majority of people living in Slovakia are ethnic Slovaks, although near the Hungarian border there is a significant Hungarian minority. Slovaks are related to the western Slavic people, a group that also includes the Poles and Czechs. The Hungarians have no close ethnic relatives as they are distantly related to Turkic and Uralic people from Central Asia, as well as to many nearby European ethnic groups.

Language

Most ethnic Slovaks speak Slovak, which is a western Slavic language similar to both Czech and Polish. Like those languages, Slovak is written in the Latin script.

Hungarian is also commonly spoken among ethnic Hungarians. Czech, Russian, and English are common second languages as Slovakia was united with the Czech Republic for years (Czechoslovakia) and under communism Russian was taught. Today, the fluency of Czech and Russian are slowly being replaced with fluency in English, which is now the most commonly studied second language. Despite this, most people who grew up in Czechoslovakia still speak or understand some Czech or Russian, while they rarely speak English.

Religion

Most of the people in Slovakia are Catholic, although there are significant minorities of Christian Protestants, Christian Orthodox, and another minority of others who do not adhere to any particular religion.

Catholicism is a Christian religion that is one of the first Christian religions (founded after the death of Jesus in about 30-33 AD). Catholicism believes that there is a single God who created everything, a savior, the son of God, Jesus Christ who is the forgiver of sins, and there is the Holy Spirit, which makes up the last part of the Holy Trinity. Catholics follow the teachings of the Bible, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. Much of the faith is based on the life and teachings of Jesus, which is found in the gospels (in the New Testament).

Continue reading on Safari the Globe to Learn the Catholic Church's doctrines, liturgy, symbolism, traditions, & hierarchy

This page was last updated: May, 2014