Spain's weather is difficult to predict as the country
is exposed to a number of climatic variations and movements. Due to the Atlantic
Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa breeze, northern winds, and mountain ranges,
Spain has nearly every weather pattern.
Summers tend to be hot and dry in the south as winds off the North Atlantic current
or North Africa are pushed into the country, while the north, particularly the mountains,
tends to be more humid, but this can change with the wind direction very quickly.
In Madrid the daily high during the summer is generally about 90° F (32° C), while
further north in Bilbao the daily high may only be about 75° F (24° C), although
both places can experience drastic dips at night, down to 15-30° F (8-16° C) cooler.
Winters in Spain are also fairly mild outside the mountains
and parts of the country's interior. Other than the mountains, it is rare for
the temperature to get and stay below 32° F (0° C) for more than a day or two; both
Madrid and Bilbao generally reach the mid-50s (12-13° C) during the winter days.
Springs and falls (autumns) again vary based on the winds and location, but generally
remain on the warm and temperate side, with some regions, particularly in the north
getting significant amounts of rainfall.