• Nepal!

    Nepal: Phewa Lake. Go Now!

    This landlocked country mixes the cultures of the Indian sub-continent with the high Himalayas. Explore Nepal!

  • Japan!

    Japan: Traditional foods. Go Now!

    Japan has a rich culture that is visible today in the country's dress, architecture, language, food (pictured), and lifestyle. Begin Your Journey!

  • Bahrain!

    Bahrain: Desert. Go Now!

    This tiny country has overcome the desert and has found a way to thrive, like this tree on al Jazair Beach. Explore Bahrain!

  • Laos!

    Laos: Karst peak. Go Now!

    The simplicity and natural beauty of the countryside make Laos a hidden gem in Southeast Asia overlooked by most travelers. Begin Your Journey!

  • Tajikistan!

    Tajikistan: A yurt in the mountains. Go Now!

    The high mountains have mysteries around every turn, including yurts (pictured), a home for the nomadic people. Go Now!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Sri Lanka


Sri Lankan Geography - Beach

Sri Lanka is an island nation that sits between the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean. It has no land borders, but is located just off of India's southeastern coast.

Most of Sri Lanka is mountainous, but not uniformly mountainous as these highlights move from peaks to plateaus and valleys without much warning. From this landscape, the elevation declines moving west until it reaches the coast. In addition to the coasts, there are numerous plateaus and valleys throughout the island that are very hospitable.


Sri Lanka's weather is fairly regular throughout the year with average temperatures of about 80-85° F (27-28° C) throughout the island as days and nights vary little. In the mountains, that average is nearly 60° F (16° C) in the coldest times at the highest altitudes, while the hottest coasts average about 90° F (32° C). What does change though is the rain throughout the year. The rains come from about May to October and again from about December to March.


Sri Lankan Geography - Valley

Sri Lanka has decent wildlife variation, which begins with a decent number of mammals. The island is home to sloths, leopards, elephants, and bats among others. The pinnacle is the sea life though as the rivers, lakes, and surrounding waters a home to thousands of animals. This includes mammals, like whales and dolphins, fish like tilapia, shellfish like lobsters and drabs, and mollusks like snails.

The bird life in Sri Lanka is also impressive as many birds migrate to and from here. These birds include all types of birds, but water fowls are perhaps the most common, including heron, frigate birds, and moorhens. There is also a huge variety of reptiles on the island, including snakes and crocodiles. The amphibian life here is one of the most diverse (for its size) and densely populated anywhere in the world.

This page was last updated: November, 2013