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Architecture of St. Kitts & Nevis

Kittitian and Nevisian Architecture - Brimstone Hill Fortress
Brimstone Hill Fortress

The architecture of St. Kitts & Nevis is severely limited as no true buildings exist from the pre-Columbian times. Even the first settlers left little behind as most early architecture was made from wood or other local resources that have been lost to time. There are some exceptions to this rule, primarily in the form of forts, but still, moat architectural pieces of note are in the capital of Basseterre.

One of the oldest and best preserved structures in St. Kitts & Nevis is the Brimstone Hill Fortress (1600-1700s) on St. Christopher. The building continued through the 1700s and into the 1800s as numerous houses from this time period have survived. Among the best preserved houses from this time are those in Charlestown on Nevis.

In the 1700s a couple buildings were built in the capital of Basseterre. St. George's Church was built and re-built a number of times by both the French and British (1600s and 1700s), but was eventually destroyed, leading to the construction of today's New Church or St. George's Church, which was built on the foundation of the older churches in the late 1800s.

Although modern building materials and techniques have been brought to St. Kitts & Nevis, the islands have not begun to build large skyscrapers or outrageously unique modern buildings. Most of the country's current buildings are built from this newer technology, including Basseterre's Co-Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, but the people have not yet decided to create buildings that stand out.

This page was last updated: May, 2014