Despite the relatively good relations, the percentage of the indigenous population
fell dramatically as African slaves soon dominated the island's population.
The African slaves worked in the sugarcane fields and developed a culture based
on French, Carib, and African pasts. Most of the people converted to Catholicism
and spoke French, but they also maintained or adopted aspects of African art, music,
and dance. While the Carib people and their culture survived this dramatic population
change, the new influences also led to a slow decline in this culture as the Caribs
later adopted many aspects of European or African culture and many intermarried
the other people on the island, slowly ending most aspects of this culture.
After the French came the British and today the most obvious influence from the
United Kingdom is that the people on St. Lucia primarily speak English. The British
also influenced the culture and people, but again more noticeable is the representative
government they established, which later put the power in the hands of the people,
who are primarily of African descent. With this change in power the cultural aspects
of the people are being magnified and the island nation has a growing identity and
culture, which is rooted in Africa, but strongly influenced by the French, British,
and to a lesser degree the Carib people.
Today the people of St. Lucia remain a mix of their past as they are primarily rural
people of African descent, who speak English, are Catholic, and live like so much
of the Caribbean in the way of celebrating with music, dancing, and foods, that
have developed from all of the above influences.