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    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

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    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

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SwitzerlandThe name Switzerland is written in many forms as there are four official languages in the country. This name comes from the word "Schwiizer," which is an inhabitant of the Swiss canton of Schwyz as stated in German. The Swiss outside this region only began using the term in about 1500.

Switzerland is also known as Confoederatio Helvetica, which is Latin for Helvetica Confederation. Helvetica is a term that refers to the Helvetii people, who were Gauls living on the lands prior to the Roman arrival.

die Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Svizra


Switzerland is a country of many cultures and it may seem each ethnic group has more in common with the people in neighboring countries, yet they remain tied together through history, tradition, and similar beliefs. For much of this history these ethnic Germans, French, Italians, and Romansch among others were divided and living off the lands.

For these historic people life was simple and divided, but they also shared many cultural similarities, such as Catholicism, lifestyle, foods, and more. In 1291 the defining characteristic of the country was forged with the creation of the state. Historically people have united by ethnicity or language, but Switzerland united based on independence and neutrality, political and philosophical beliefs.

Despite the political unity of Switzerland and the many similarities in lifestyle, the people are culturally diverse. The ethnic French, ethnic Germans, and ethnic Italians share languages, foods, dress, and cultures with other French, Germans, and Italians. Their cultural similarities are very strong across borders, however these cultural ties are not as strong as the political ties the people hold to one another. These political ties are what make the ethnic French, Germans, and Italians in Switzerland different from those elsewhere.

Switzerland exists due to a shifting in priorities: political priorities, philosophical priorities, and identity priorities. Despite the huge number of cultural similarities to people abroad, the Swiss first tend to identify with their nation, their neutrality, and their leadership as peacemakers and peacekeepers. These things are held more dearly to the Swiss than their language, their ethnicity, or their foods, which are only secondary when defining themselves. It is a very outwardly thinking model that is not proud, but selfless. It is a role that is needed in this world and thankfully their openness and acceptance also means their beautiful country is open to visitors as few will ever want to leave the peace and solitude of the impressive Swiss Alps.

Switzerland has a square flag and a simple white cross design. This flag was used at least as early as 1339 in the Battle of Laupen to distinguish the troops of the Swiss Confederation, but its actual origins are unknown.

Name: Swiss Confederation (Confoederatio Helvetica)
Independence: August 1, 1291
Capital: Bern
Currency: Swiss Franc
Population: 7,996,026 (2013 estimate)
Ethnicity: German, French, Italian, & others
Language: German, French, Italian, & Romansch
Religion: Roman Catholic & Protestant

Information for Switzerland was last updated: March, 2014 ● View our: Sources & Special Thanks