Among the mosques, local palaces, and other buildings from this time, mosaics and
wall paintings became more common, although the designs remained fairly stable and
simple in the region that is today Syria. Later, due to Persian
influence, stucco was added.
In the 1100s the style and use of buildings began to develop and change as Seljuk
architecture brought in the madrasah, or Islamic school. Among the first
of these were a couple in Damascus, including al Adiliyah and az Zahiriyah.
The Seljuks also began to build with more stone than brick, like the predecessor
The next great influence came from the Mamluk rulers. They changed little in regards
to style, but began to group buildings together as mosques, madrasahs, and other
buildings were generally linked together or sat side by side; more of an urban planning
change than an architectural one. The Mamluks were great builders though and left
behind thousands of structures. There are dozens of Mamluk buildings still standing
from this rule in Damascus and throughout Syria.
From this point until the 1900s Syria fell under foreign rulers,
primarily the Ottoman Turks. Under this rule construction continued, but few monumental
buildings were erected. Of the structures built most were similar in style to both
previous and latter buildings.