• Nepal!

    Nepal: Phewa Lake. Go Now!

    This landlocked country mixes the cultures of the Indian sub-continent with the high Himalayas. Explore Nepal!

  • Japan!

    Japan: Traditional foods. Go Now!

    Japan has a rich culture that is visible today in the country's dress, architecture, language, food (pictured), and lifestyle. Begin Your Journey!

  • Bahrain!

    Bahrain: Desert. Go Now!

    This tiny country has overcome the desert and has found a way to thrive, like this tree on al Jazair Beach. Explore Bahrain!

  • Laos!

    Laos: Karst peak. Go Now!

    The simplicity and natural beauty of the countryside make Laos a hidden gem in Southeast Asia overlooked by most travelers. Begin Your Journey!

  • Tajikistan!

    Tajikistan: A yurt in the mountains. Go Now!

    The high mountains have mysteries around every turn, including yurts (pictured), a home for the nomadic people. Go Now!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Syria

WARNING: Syria is currently in civil war, please read this travel warning before going!


Syrian Geography - Desert

Syria is a Middle Eastern country that borders the Mediterranean Sea to its west. Syria borders Lebanon to the west, Israel to the southwest, Jordan to the south, Iraq to the southeast, and Turkey to the north.

Syria's Mediterranean border is low-lying and filled with underground water sources, making the region very fertile and heavily populated. Slightly inland there are two mountain ranges running north and south with a large depression in between the two. This depression is home to the Orontes River, a major life source for the people of Damascus and other inland cities. Further to the east the country is little more than desert.


Syrian Geography - Mountains

Despite being a relatively small country, the weather variations in Syria are quite pronounced. These variations are the result of differing landscapes and seasons. Along the Mediterranean Sea coast the air tends to be more humid and temperature extremes are muffled, while inland the desert allows for hot days and cool nights. Winters, running from about December to February, average only about 45° F (7° C) in many parts of the country, including the desert, however the coast and inland valleys are much warmer as Damascus has a daily high of about 60° F (16° C) during this time and both the coast and the mountains tend to get a fair amount of rain during these months. Summers can get quite hot, most noticeably in the southeastern desert. Damascus tends to be around 80° F (27° C) many days, but the desert regularly reaches 105° F (40° C) during summer days.


Syria's wildlife is limited in scope due to the dry desert that covers much of the country. Despite this, there are areas that are very fertile and hence decent diversity. Camels, horses, antelopes, gazelles, rabbits, jackals, and deer are all mammals in the country. The sea life is very limited and is best seen off the western coast in the Mediterranean Sea, which is home to thousands of corals, shellfish, and fish of all varieties.

The bird life is excellent, most of which are migratory birds, although some species do remain year round. Among these birds are the flamingo, pelican, falcon, eagle, and ostrich. The amphibian life is quite limited, but the number of reptiles is decent. Lizards and chameleons are the most popular reptiles.

This page was last updated: November, 2013