In the mid-1600s the collapsing Ming Dynasty leadership fled to Taiwan and brought
with them their great past and their slowly dying culture. This introduced new architecture,
art, pottery, and a blossoming of the sciences. Since the dynasty was on verge of
collapse though the cultural significance and sustainability of these introductions
were limited. What it did do though was encourage larger immigration to the island
from China, again altering the culture to match historic Chinese culture.
Numerous aspects of Chinese culture were brought to Taiwan as education and the
sciences grew, Chinese foods, languages, philosophies, and dress were introduced
as was the Chinese mentality. The people and culture became a well-disciplined society
who honored respect and humility. Another important aspect of Chinese culture that
was brought to Taiwan was their need to "save face," something that again
came from honor and respect for others.
After the communists came to power in mainland China, the fleeing Nationalist government
made their way to Taiwan. The people of Taiwan accepted this government, and again
many people immigrated to the island with the government, leading to another wave
of Chinese immigration and a further solidification of Chinese culture in Taiwan.
As mainland China became a communist country, Taiwan became a democracy on paper,
although in reality their government was quite authoritarian.
Life in Taiwan took on a different path than that in China; religion was still allowed
and men meeting in temples to play games and gamble continued to be a common occurrence.
Family continues to be the center of personal lives and couples are allowed to have
more than one child as food is still the center of family and other social events
as eating always seems to be on the mind of locals.
Despite delays in receiving many of the world's modern technological achievements,
Taiwan today not only has most modern technology, but is also a huge center for
foreign investment, meaning they make much of this technology. This has changed
the culture as cars and public transportation are common and easily available as
the people are more urbanized and living in houses or high rise apartment buildings.
Cell phones and the internet, along with games are becoming a more substantial part
of the culture annually and new forms of communication is making the country more
social and connected, but at its core, Taiwanese culture is still rooted in Chinese