The 1800s saw many changes to Taiwan as Qing central control
faltered and domestic groups began fighting for power. This instability and the
importance of trading routes led to attacks by the French,
British, and Japanese, before
China's Qing Dynasty clamped down on controlling the island in the late 1800s.
Just after solidifying control over Taiwan, the Chinese entered
a war with the Japanese and transferred control over Taiwan
to the Japanese. Taiwan remained under Japan's control through World War II
(WWII). During this time some Taiwanese groups fought this rule and the Wushe Uprising
in the 1930s best represented this fight. The aboriginals that led this resistance
lost decidedly, but it symbolized that power remained out of the hands of the still
large majority of people, the aboriginals
Despite protests, the Japanese extended healthcare, communication,
and infrastructure in Taiwan and these changes were well
received. Before WWII, war broke out between China and Japan
and the Taiwanese were divided on which side to support then and during WWII.
At the conclusion of WWII, the Japanese gave
Taiwan to China, but China remained in the middle
of a civil war. A couple years later, as the Chinese communists proved victorious
in mainland China, the defeated nationalists retreated to Taiwan, much like Ming
leadership did centuries earlier.