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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Trinidad & Tobago

Geography

Trinidadian and Tobagonian Geography - Castara Bay
Castara Bay

Trinidad & Tobago are islands in the far southern part of the Caribbean Sea; it is the border between the Caribbean Sea to the west, South America and Venezuela to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the island nation of Grenada just to the north.

Trinidad & Tobago are closer related, geologically, to South America than their fellow Caribbean islands. Trinidad has a couple mountain ranges on it, including el Cerro del Aripo in the north. From this mountain range there are a number of rivers flowing south. Outside this range, the island is very low-lying and contains a number of swamps. Tobago is a volcanic island covered with forests

Weather

Trinidadian and Tobagonian Geography - Sunset
Sunset

Trinidad & Tobago's weather patterns are fairly dependent on the weather of nearby South America. However, unlike South America, Trinidad & Tobago still have a tropical weather pattern that regularly maintains temperatures between about 72-92° F (24-33° C) with the upper temperature range being the daily highs and the lower range being daily lows. Rainy season is from about June to December, which also brings high humidity; dry season drops the humidity and the islands receive very little rain, particularly Trinidad's interior. Although Trinidad & Tobago are not in the Caribbean Sea's hurricane zone, they can receive severe tropical storms and even hurricanes (very rare) during the wet season.

Wildlife

Trinidadian and Tobagonian Geography - Copper-rumped hummingbird
Copper-rumped hummingbird

Unlike most of the Caribbean, Trinidad & Tobago have a relatively large and varied mammalian life. Like much of the Caribbean nations, the bat is among the most common, but the ocelot, raccoon, monkeys, anteaters, and otter are also abundant. Off the island nation's coasts are more mammals, including the manatee and whales. More than mammals though, these waters are known for their fish life, which includes everything from sharks and marlins to shrimp and coral.

Like the sea life, the bird life is also quite varied and active. These birds range from big to small and from water fowl to woodland dwellers. Among the more common or unique are the hummingbird, ibis, and macaws. The reptilian and amphibian life are also very diverse. There are many snakes, including the infamous anaconda, dozens of lizard and iguana species, turtles, crocodiles, and frogs. There are also other species, such as snails, scorpions, and various butterflies.

This page was last updated: November, 2013