Turkey's weather is best separated into two regions,
the coasts and inland. Turkey's interior is primarily mountainous and hence
temperatures sink much lower in the winters, while the coasts are fairly comfortable
Turkey's coasts (including Istanbul) have moderate winters
(averaging about 45-55˚ F (7-13˚ C) in the west and hotter on the southern coast)
and hot and humid summers (80-90˚ F (27-32˚ C) on the western coast and again hotter
in the south). It rarely rains along most of Turkey's coasts other than the
Black Sea and the far southwest, which gets a fair amount of rain as the country's
other coasts are relatively dry and sunny. Turkey's interior is fairly mountainous
and the peaks can be snow filled and roads impassable for much of the winter as
the valleys can be unbearably hot in the summers. Places like Cappadocia feel like
barren desert in the summer.
Turkey is home to a number of large mammals including wolves,
boar, bear, and deer among others, but rarely are any of these seen as they are
generally secluded in small isolated forested regions. More commonly seen, and domesticated,
are goats, camels, donkeys, and cattle, many of which are used for food or milk.
Being surrounded by water on most sides, Turkey is also home to a large number of
fish, both saltwater fish, such as sardines and mullets in the Black Sea and Mediterranean
Sea as well as freshwater fish found in the country's lakes and rivers.
There are also a number of birds that are commonly found in Turkey,
both migrating birds that pass through with the seasons as well as more sedentary
birds like quail and goose. There are also a large number of lizards in the country.