Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It
borders Kazakhstan to the west and north,
Turkmenistan and Afghanistan to the south, and
Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan
to the east.
Uzbekistan's high point is in the east where the
Tian Shan Mountains help create a border with their neighbors to the east.
From here there are a number of rivers flowing west, once reaching the Aral Sea,
but in many cases are now diverted to form irrigation for farming. Outside of these
rivers, most of the country from the mountains in the east to the Aral Sea in the
west is desert. The Aral Sea is shrinking annually, but the rivers that still do
flow into the sea from the south form a fertile delta in northwestern Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan has a continental climate system with hot
summers and cool winters. Winter temperatures though don't generally drop too
low as the fairly flat country averages about 30° F (-1° C) during this time, but
gets little snow or rain. The mountains in the country's east get much cooler
and are regularly below freezing, most commonly at nights. Summers, which are from
about June to August can get very hot in the dry, low-lying desert with daily highs
often exceeding 100° F (38° C). Springs and falls (autumns) tend to shift between
these extremes, with most precipitation falling in the spring or late winter, although
the country receives very little rain even during this time.