• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    Slovakia
    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    Bulgaria
    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Portugal
    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

  • Finland!

    Finland: Finnish Sauna. Go Now!

    Finland
    Unlike its neighbors, the Finns are unique ethnically & linguistically, but are wholly European in many other ways. Begin Your Journey!

Architecture of Estonia

Most traditional Estonian architecture is wooden so there is little that remains today outside the larger cities, most notably Tallinn, although there are numerous country houses and manors that have survived in various locations.

Estonian Architecture - Tallinn
Tallinn

Tallinn contains most of the country's architectural gems as it first rose to prominence in the 1200s and shortly after became a leader in the Baltic Sea trade as a member of the Hanseatic League, leading to a building boom. For the most part, Tallinn is a Gothic styled city. St. Olaf's Church (1200s) is a great example of Estonia's Gothic architecture and was the tallest building in the world in the 1500 and 1600s (after adding a taller steeple and spire to the original building). Even today, much of Tallinn's old town remains in the Gothic style, although numerous additions and variations have been amended since.

Estonia is also dotted with numerous castles and manors, most of which were either Danish or Teutonic (German) in origin and style. Among the best preserved are the Toompea Castle (primarily constructed in the 1200s) and the Hermann Castle (much of what is seen today is from the 1300s and later).

The country also has a great amount of modern architecture. Both Tallinn and Tartu have adopted many of these modern styles, while making them their own, giving these cities many unique buildings.

This page was last updated: February, 2012