• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Denmark!

    Denmark: Landscape. Go Now!

    From cities like Copenhagen to islands, beaches, and vast fields (pictured), Denmark offers incredible history, architecture, scenery, and more. Begin Your Journey!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Germany


German Geography - Black Forest
Black Forest

Germany is located in Europe, arguably in either Western Europe or Central Europe. It is a large country (relative to its European neighbors) and stretches from the North Sea and Baltic Sea in the north to the Alps in the south. Germany borders the Netherlands (west), Belgium (west), Luxembourg (west), France (west), Switzerland (south), Austria (south), the Czech Republic (east), Poland (east), and Denmark (north).

Geographically, Germany is very diverse as the northern stretch of the country is low-lying and a number of large rivers run through this part of the country including the Elbe River, Rhine River, and Rhone River. About half way to the country's south the mountains begin to rise as these rivers flow in the lowland valleys. The far south is covered with the rise to the Alps as some areas are fairly mountainous, while others are simply at elevation or are slightly lower due to rivers, such as the Danube River, flowing through. This abundance of rivers creates fertile growing conditions and a high population density throughout much of the country.


German Geography - Helgoland

Germany's seasons are typically very distinct, but due to geographical variations and inconsistent weather patterns, predicting the weather across the entire country is like flipping a coin, particularly given the country's size. Winters (December-February) can be cold as the mountains are covered in snow; near the Swiss border temperatures can dip to 0˚ F (-20˚ C) and average about 20-25˚ F (-5˚ C) during these months, depending on the exact location. Whereas, along the North Sea coast, the temperatures can be significantly warmer and some winters will rarely dip below freezing.

The spring and fall (autumn) are very unpredictable. The mountains can remain very cold, but cities like Munich, Berlin, and Cologne can be cloudy and/or rainy with temperature averages of about 50-60˚ F (10-15˚ C).

Summers are more consistent from a weather perspective. During the hottest months (July-August) the mountains average about 60˚ F (16˚ C), while most cities typically reach daily highs of about 73-80˚ F (23-27˚ C).


German Wildlife - Wild boar
Wild boar

Germany is a fairly large and geographically diverse country, resulting in a wide range of animal species. Deer and rabbit are common throughout the country, while the ibex and boar, among others, are more restricted in their habitats. Large predatory mammals, like the bear, wolf, and lynx have become extinct in the country, although some of these are attempting to make their way back into the region. Sea life is also prevalent as there are numerous large rivers and in the north sits both the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.

There are a huge number of bird species as well. Ducks, geese, storks, and other water fowl migrate to Germany during the summer and other species, like the quail and pheasant remain year round. One of the reasons these birds are attracted to Germany is the abundant amphibian and reptile populations in the country's marshlands and along the coasts

This page was last updated: March, 2013