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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of Slovakia


Slovak Geography - Strbske Pleso Lake
Strbske Pleso Lake

Slovakia is a landlocked country in the middle of Central Europe. Slovakia borders the other half of its former country, the Czech Republic (northwest), Austria (west), Hungary (south), Ukraine (east), and Poland (north).

Geographically, Slovakia is fairly mountainous with the exception of the far south and southwest, through which the Danube River flows. Much of the country's small population lives in Bratislava or in the adjacent lowlands. Stretching across the northern part of the country are the Carpathian Mountains, which aren't significantly tall, but still difficult to access many parts of, causing low population levels in much of this area. Most of the population in the north lives along rivers, many of which drain into the Danube River.


Slovakia's seasons are very distinct. Winters (December-February) can be cold and covered in snow. In the mountains during this season temperatures tend to hover around 15˚ F (-10˚ C), but Bratislava and the lowlands typically remain at about 25˚ F (-5˚ C) during this time.

Summers can be very hot as the mountains tend to get average highs of about 70-78˚ F (20-25˚ C) with much cooler evenings, while Bratislava during this time typically reaches about 80˚ F (27˚ C).


Slovak Geography - Mountains

Slovakia boasts various large and small mammals, including bears, wolves, lynx, and marmots among others. There are few fish and other sea life in the landlocked country, although the lakes and rivers do have various species.

There are numerous birds that are regularly domesticated in Slovakia, including ducks and pheasants. There are also various migrating birds that pass through, some of which are rare and protected, like some species of storks and cranes.

This page was last updated: November, 2013