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Geography, Weather, & Wildlife of St. Kitts & Nevis


Kittitian and Nevisian Geography - Beach

St. Kitts & Nevis is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea located in an island chain known as the Lesser Antilles, and more specifically the Leeward Islands. The nation has no land borders, but is close to a couple other nations. To the north is the British territory of Anguilla, to the east is Antigua & Barbuda, and to the south is the British territory of Montserrat. The Caribbean Sea is to St. Kitts & Nevis's west and the Atlantic Ocean is to the country's east.

Both the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis are volcanic mountainous islands. Due to this, the most livable parts of the islands are along the coasts of each island.


Kittitian and Nevisian Geography - Mt. Liamuiga
Mt. Liamuiga

St. Kitts & Nevis have a fairly regular weather pattern with only the hurricane season injecting any great variation. Year round the islands average about 75-80° F (24-27° C) with days getting a little hotter and nights a little cooler. The islands are relatively dry from a humidity stand point, except during the wet season, which is again very mild. Most rain falls from May to October and most of it falls in the mountains, although the islands are much drier than many other Caribbean islands. The greatest rains, winds, and storms arrive with hurricane season, which lasts from June to November, with the worst storms generally arriving later in that window.


Kittitian and Nevisian Geography - Island of Nevis
Island of Nevis

St. Kitts & Nevis has an odd wildlife system as the island nation has few indigenous mammals due to its volcanic origin; the bat is the only native mammal although there are also other mammals that have been introduced, such as the monkey and mongoose. Off the island's shore are more mammals and great sea life. In addition to mammals like dolphins and whales, as an island nation there are thousands of fish surrounding the country and these waters contain larger animals like sharks, but also include eels, angelfish, barracudas, grouper, sponges, lobsters, snapper, crabs, and thousands more including coral.

Like the sea life, there are plenty of birds that live on the island or migrate through. These birds are quite varied in scope and range from egrets and herons to the small bananaquit. The reptilian and amphibian life is also limited in scope, but there are turtles, snakes, iguanas, and frogs among others. There are numerous other species, including insects.

This page was last updated: November, 2013