History of Andorra
Charlemagne granted Andorra freedom in the 900s in exchange
for fighting with him against the Muslim Moors in the Iberian Peninsula. Later,
in the 1000s the country was united under joint foreign rulers due to the need for
outside protection. Since that time Andorra has almost always been ruled over by
joint leaders, generally the Spanish Bishop of Urgell and
the ruler of Navarre, which was later transferred to the King of
In the early 1800s Napoleon's France took over
Andorra and united it with Catalonia (in Spain). However,
after the war, Andorra re-gained their freedom.
During World War I Andorra declared war against
Germany, but did not fight. After the war, France
occupied the country due to domestic disturbances and civil war in
Spain, which the French did not want to spill over into Andorra. During
World War II Andorra remained neutral.