• Slovakia!

    Slovakia: Tatra Mountains. Go Now!

    Slovakia
    The Tatra Mountains (pictured) form the backdrop of this rural country, whose culture is rooted in this beautiful landscape. Go Now!

  • Bulgaria!

    Bulgaria: An old Turkish bridge. Go Now!

    Bulgaria
    The isolated mountains of Bulgaria hide cultural gems around every corner, including this old Turkish bridge in the Rhodopi Mountains. Explore Bulgaria!

  • Italy!

    Italy: Rome' historic buildings. Go Now!

    Italy
    Crumbling buildings in Rome (pictured) only add to the atmosphere in a country where old is redefined and western civilization begins. Explore Italy!

  • Portugal!

    Portugal: Palace of Pena. Go Now!

    Portugal
    Although next to the seas and made famous by trade, Portugal boasts dynamic landscapes and architecture, including the Palace of Pena (pictured) near the town of Sintra. Go to Portugal!

  • Denmark!

    Denmark: Landscape. Go Now!

    Denmark
    From cities like Copenhagen to islands, beaches, and vast fields (pictured), Denmark offers incredible history, architecture, scenery, and more. Begin Your Journey!

  • Armenia!

    Armenia: Noravank Monastery. Go Now!

    Armenia
    With a unique language, foods, architecture, and identity, Armenia is a fascinating country and culture unlike no other in the world. Begin Your Journey!

History of Andorra

Charlemagne granted Andorra freedom in the 900s in exchange for fighting with him against the Muslim Moors in the Iberian Peninsula. Later, in the 1000s the country was united under joint foreign rulers due to the need for outside protection. Since that time Andorra has almost always been ruled over by joint leaders, generally the Spanish Bishop of Urgell and the ruler of Navarre, which was later transferred to the King of France.

In the early 1800s Napoleon's France took over Andorra and united it with Catalonia (in Spain). However, after the war, Andorra re-gained their freedom.

During World War I Andorra declared war against Germany, but did not fight. After the war, France occupied the country due to domestic disturbances and civil war in Spain, which the French did not want to spill over into Andorra. During World War II Andorra remained neutral.

In 1993 Andorra adopted a new constitution, essentially eliminating the power of the two outside rulers and giving the people great autonomy and control over their own affairs. Since then Andorra has become more open to the rest of the world as they have joined the United Nations (UN) and the Council of Europe.

This page was last updated: March, 2013